Monastery Melk in Austria, Europe

Monastery Melk in Austria, Europe

Today was slated for driving back to Freising, but enroute we stopped at the magnificient UNESCO World Heritage Site of Stift Melk, a monastery and boarding school situated between the cities of Vienna and Linz.
The Melk Benedictine Abbey is a barque style of construction which was built between 1702 and 1739.
Amazing painted ceilings and elaborate masonry are featured in many of the buildings, and a library with over 16,000 books, some dating hundreds of years back. An interesting museum is also featured and has many historic artifacts as well as a rule book which outlines the Rule of St Benedict.

Melk Abbey or Stift Melk is an Austrian Benedictine abbey, and one of the world’s most famous monastic sites. It is located above the town of Melk on a rocky outcrop overlooking the river Danube in Lower Austria, adjoining the Wachau valley.

The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey. A monastic school, the Stiftsgymnasium Melk, was founded in the 12th century, and the monastic library soon became renowned for its extensive manuscript collection. The monastery’s scriptorium was also a major site for the production of manuscripts. In the 15th century the abbey became the centre of the Melk Reform movement which reinvigorated the monastic life of Austria and Southern Germany.

Monastery Melk in Austria

Today’s impressive Baroque abbey was built between 1702 and 1736 to designs by Jakob Prandtauer. Particularly noteworthy is the abbey church with frescos by Johann Michael Rottmayr and the impressive library with countless medieval manuscripts, including a famed collection of musical manuscripts and frescos by Paul Troger.

Due to its fame and academic stature, Melk managed to escape dissolution under Emperor Joseph II when many other Austrian abbeys were seized and dissolved between 1780 and 1790. The abbey managed to survive other threats to its existence during the Napoleonic Wars, and also in the period following the Nazi Anschluss that took control of Austria in 1938, when the school and a large part of the abbey were confiscated by the state.

 

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